Government is committed to maximising the number of new homes built on suitable brownfield land and has set out its intention to ensure that 90% of suitable brownfield sites have planning permission for housing by 2020.
The Housing and Planning Act (May 2016) makes provision for local authorities to prepare, maintain and publish a register of brownfield land. The register should identify previously developed sites in the area that the councils have assessed as being suitable for housing.
The register should comprise a standard set of information, prescribed by the Government, that will be kept up-to-date, and made publicly available, to help provide certainty for developers and communities and encourage investment in local areas. The registers will then be used to monitor the Government’s commitment to the delivery of brownfield sites.
The Register is divided into two parts:
Part 1 comprises all brownfield sites that we have assessed as appropriate for residential development. This includes sites with extant full planning permission, outline planning permission and permission in principle (PiP) as well as sites without planning permission.
- Brownfield Register (XLS)
- Brownfield Register (PDF)
- Brownfield Register (Part 1) (INSPIRE compliant polygon format - this is an external website published by central government)
Part 2 of a brownfield land register is a subset of Part 1. Part 2 will comprise only those sites in Part 1 that the local planning authority has decided would be suitable for a grant of permission in principle (PiP) for residential development. A PiP establishes the fundamental principles of development of a site in terms of its use and the approximate number of homes that the site can reasonably accommodate. A PiP is similar in practice to an ‘outline’ planning permission however, planning permission is not granted until technical details consent is applied for and approved.
Assessment of sites under part two is ongoing, details of this review is available on request.
For sites to be considered for inclusion onto the register they must meet certain set of criteria (The Town and Country Planning (Brownfield Land Register) Regulations 2017), including:
- Being 'Previously Developed Land':
- Previously developed land: land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developed land (although it should not be assumed that the whole of the curtilage will be developed) and any associated fixed surface infrastructure. This excludes: land that is or has been occupied by agricultural or forestry building; land that has been developed for minerals extraction or waste disposal by landfill purposes where provision for restoration has been made through development control procedures; land in built-up areas such as private residential gardens, park, recreation grounds and allotments; and land that was previously-developed but where the remains of the permanent structure or fixed surface structure have blended into the landscape in the process of time. The official definition ('previously developed land') can be found in Annex 2 of the National Planning Policy Framework.
- Capable of supporting development of 5 or more dwellings, or being at least 0.25 hectares in size.
- The site is suitable for residential use:
- Brownfield sites that have been granted planning permission and have not yet commenced
- Brownfield sites that are allocated for residential development in the Core Strategies and any Site Allocations documents that have been assessed as being deliverable and developable against the criteria in the National Planning Policy Framework
- Brownfield sites that have been granted permission in principle (PiP)
- Brownfield sites that are considered appropriate for residential development (for example some of the sites on the register are in our Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment).
- The site is available for residential development:
- the relevant owner(s) has/have expressed an intention to sell or develop the land and at a date not more than 21 days before the entry date there is no evidence indicating a change to that intention
- the developer has expressed an intention to develop the land and at a date not more than 21 days before the entry date there is no evidence indicating a change to that intention
- in the opinion of the local authority there are no issues relating to the ownership of the land or other legal impediments which might prevent residential development of the land taking place, having regard to:
(i) any information publicly available on that date, and
(ii) any relevant representations received.
- The site is achievable:
In the opinion of the local planning authority, development is likely to take place within 15 years of the entry date, having regard to:
- any information publicly available, and
- any relevant representations received.
Call for sites
As part of the work to inform our ongoing Brownfield Land Register, an annual ‘call for sites’ is made alongside the Strategic Housing and Economic Land Availability Assessment.
Applications for permission in principle (if your site is already on Part 1 of the Register) should be made through the Planning Portal (where forms will be available in due course)
If you have any queries on the details included on the register, please contact the Planning Policy team on email@example.com or 01284 757368.